My second attempt at creating a simple, mechanical, weight-driven clock with the fewest parts. It uses 4mm brass shafts, a 1# drive weight, and currently, two ballpoint pens as the winding weight. The pendulum is a 1/4" aluminum tube, and I mounted it to a mirror. It works, but it needs improvement.
a ratcheting winding system
a crutch system so that the pendulum does not have to swing as much
a clock face
a neater way to attach the weights
The gear train and escapement are pretty universal so that it may be rearranged (see the not overly accurate previous version in red). This also allows all parts to function with minimal post-print finishing.
Note: Gear tooth size and shaft holes are all very slightly offset inward to compensate for my printer's tendency to over-extrude.
UPDATE: As requested, I posted the additional parts needed to make the red (column) version of the clock (minus the holders for the quarters at the ends of the seesaw pendulum which I cannot find). To make this version, you'll need anything without "v2" in the file name plus wheel4v2. Even so, the pendulum needs to be adjusted to keep accurate time.
UPDATE 2: Added renders of the different gear configurations.
-Ensure gear teeth are free of artifacts and that all will rotate easily on their shafts.
-Glue ONE of the mount pieces to whatever you are using as a backing (in my case, the mirror).
-Slot 4mm shafts into their mounts (you'll have to figure out the length).
-Take about 2m of cord and wrap it around the drum on wheel 4 (it took me three wraps of the necklace cord I used to develop sufficient friction with the weights I used).
-Onto the shaft in the shorter mount (the one connected to the pendulum pivot) slide the escape wheel, minute wheel (3), and hour wheel (5).
-On the taller mount slot the 60 tooth gear (2) and the wheel with the drum (4).
-With painstakingly minuscule adjustments, slide the unglued mount around until you find the sweet spot where the gears mesh with the least resistance.
-Glue the free mount in place on the backing once you are satisfied or out of patience.
-Slide the arch-shaped frame piece on to the shaft with wheels two and four and glue the other frame pieces to the arch and the backing material using a similar process as described in the preceding two steps.
-Attach a pendulum to the anchor (using a simple pendulum close to 1m in length will yield the required two second period. Keep it light weight regardless and be prepared to spend time adjusting it)
-Tie the drive weight on the left side and the winding weight on the right side.
-Mount it to the wall
-Watch it tick
-Design and print some hands and otherwise modify it to your heart's content.
-However you mount the clock to the wall, ensure the pendulum is balanced so that the anchor achieves the same amount of lock in each direction.
-Since the main shaft is cantilevered, ensure the mount is robust enough to prevent it from getting pushed sideways from sustained torque from the weight. PLA to mirror is not robust enough without the right glue.
-This was a very early escapement design, so unless the pendulum swings sufficiently, it behaves more like a recoil escapement than a Graham escapement. I might improve it eventually.
I added a new escape wheel and anchor that should be more efficient as mentioned in the previous update. They are untested as I do not currently have printer access, but they worked well in a computer simulation.
Also user Zarlor made these excellent assembly animations for both configurations which are probably easier to follow than my posted instructions.
UPDATE 4.1 I re-uploaded the new anchor with slightly trimmed pallets and slightly less drop. This should prevent you from have to trim them by hand or sand down the back side of the escape teeth. Again, this is an untested modification.
UPDATE 5: I added a two piece mount and frame. Using these parts should eliminate all of the tedious wiggling and adjusting as described above during assembly. The caveat is that your printer must be very accurate (unlike my old printer on which I first printed this design) to ensure the gears mesh properly. Also, the frame will resist the flexural stress from the clock weight with the part's z-axis which is the weakest dimension. Be careful of adding too much weight (especially if you use a pulley).